HALÉVY, JACQUES (François) FROMENTAL ÉLIE

HALÉVY, JACQUES (François) FROMENTAL ÉLIE (1799–1862), French operatic composer. He was born in Paris, the son of Elie Halfon Halévy . He entered the Paris Conservatory at the age of ten, studied composition with Cherubini, and won the Rome Prize in 1819 for his cantata "Herminie." He taught at the conservatory from 1816, becoming professor of counterpoint and fugue in 1833, and of composition in 1840. His students included Bizet (who later became his son-in-law) and Gounod. Halévy's fame rests primarily on his grand opera La Juive (1835), and his comic opera L'Eclair of the same year, achievements which he never equaled. He composed about 20 operas (among them Le Juif errant; 1852), five cantatas, and ballets. His writings include memoirs of his activity in the Académie des Beaux Arts, of which he became permanent secretary in 1854. Halévy's operatic style was greatly influenced by Meyerbeer, especially in the dazzling orchestration that was much in favor at the time. In La Juive, a renaissance story of a prince in love with a Jewess (libretto by Scribe), he portrayed effective characters in situations of dramatic tension: Eleazar's aria "Rachel,   quand du Seigneur" has remained one of the star items in the repertoire of dramatic tenors. Halévy's attitude to Judaism seems to have been consciously neutral. In 1820 he composed a "Marche Funèbre et De Profundis" for three voices (text: Ps. 130 in Hebrew), for the memorial service to the Duc de Berry in the synagogue in the Rue Saint-Avoye, now Rue du Temple. His cantata "Noé" (Noah) was completed post-humously by Bizet. Richard Wagner wrote in praise of Halévy's works, and also arranged a potpourri for two violins from his La Reine de Chypre (1841). Halévy's brother Léon (Halévy family) wrote one of the first biographies of Halévy, F. Halévy, ses œuvres (1863). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: MGG, S.V.; Grove, Dict., S.V.; M. Curtis, in: Musical Quarterly, 39 (1953); Sendrey, Music, index. (Josef Tal)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jacques Francois Fromental Elie Halevy — noun French operatic composer (1799 1862) • Syn: ↑Halevy, ↑Fromental Halevy • Instance Hypernyms: ↑composer …   Useful english dictionary

  • Halevy, Jacques Francois Fromental — (1799 1862)    French composer, son of Elie Halevy. He was born in Paris, and taught at the Paris Conservatoire from 1816, becoming professor of counterpoint and fugue in 1833, and professor of composition in 1840. He composed operas, cantatas… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Jacques Fromental Lévy Halévy — JACQUES FRANÇOIS FROMENTAL ÉLIE HALÉVY Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Halevy — noun French operatic composer (1799 1862) • Syn: ↑Fromental Halevy, ↑Jacques Francois Fromental Elie Halevy • Instance Hypernyms: ↑composer * * * /ann lay vee /, n. 1. Fromental /frddaw mahonn tannl /, (Jacques François Fromental Élie Lévy), 1790 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Fromental Halevy — noun French operatic composer (1799 1862) • Syn: ↑Halevy, ↑Jacques Francois Fromental Elie Halevy • Instance Hypernyms: ↑composer …   Useful english dictionary

  • Fromental Halévy — Jacques François Fromental Élie Halévy (May 27, 1799 March 17, 1862) (usually known as Fromental Halévy) was a French composer. He is known today largely for his opera La Juive .Early careerHalévy was born in Paris, the son of a cantor, Elie… …   Wikipedia

  • Halévy —   [ale vi],    1) Daniel, französischer Schriftsteller, * Paris 12. 12. 1872, ✝ ebenda 4. 2. 1962, Sohn von 3); schrieb Biographien und Studien zur Kultur und Sozialgeschichte des 19. und beginnenden 20. Jahrhunderts.   Werke: Essais sur le… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Halévy — [ȧ lā vē′] Jacques [zhȧk] (born Jacques François Fromental Élie Lévy) 1799 1862; Fr. composer …   English World dictionary

  • Halévy, Fromental — ▪ French composer in full  Jacques François Fromental Élie Halévy  original name  Elias Levy   born May 27, 1799, Paris died March 17, 1862, Nice, Fr.       French composer whose five act grand opera La Juive (1835; “The Jewess”) was, with… …   Universalium

  • Halévy — /ann lay vee /, n. 1. Fromental /frddaw mahonn tannl /, (Jacques François Fromental Élie Lévy), 1790 1862, French composer, esp. of operas. 2. his nephew, Ludovic /lyuu daw veek /, 1834 1908, French novelist and playwright: librettist in… …   Universalium

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